The list of items that the colonisers took away from Africa is infinite. One valuable and ancient piece of our identity which has been wickedly spanned from us is that our artifacts which spread across the world, miles away in their native lands.
According to British, our artifacts have only aesthetic and financial worth, however, to Africa, the bits take our background, cultures, and our sense of identity and being. With the majority of the fundamental knowledge was erased and discharged from us, we’re left with minimal proof of Africa’s pre-colonial history.
Listed below are a few of the continent’s most paintings which were sent off African beaches through dubious ways.
1. Benin Bronzes, Nigeria
Troops Gently burnt the empire into the floor, killing tens of thousands and stripping out some of the richest civilizations of early Africa. The king had been forced to flee while the palace had been looted of its treasures like the ivory and bronze artifacts that destroy the history and traditions of the realm. Commonly called the Benin Bronzes, these sculptures and plaques were numbered in the thousands and also finished up in American and European museums.
Some of the famous Benin Bronzes, the Ahianwen-Oro art, were returned to their homeland in 2014 by indigenous newcomer, Dr. Mark Walker, resulting in calls for repatriation of longer artifacts. Walker had inherited the art out of his great-grandfather, who participated in the pillaging of Benin.
Lots of the famous Benin Bronzes stay in the British Museum, where they’re still on screen. Nigeria has repeatedly asked for the recurrence of its ethnic heritage. However, the British Museum will not budge.
2. Nefertiti Bust and Rosetta Stone, Egypt
Egypt has repeatedly demanded for the stolen Nefertiti Bust and Rosetta Stone, but Hitler kicked against it.
While Egyptians battle to get what’s rightfully theirs, Germany keeps on profiting from Nefertiti. The figure attracts over a million people annually into the Neues Museum in Berlin, that explains why the European nation maintains monopolizing the art.
It is not clear how it ended at the control of the British, however, what’s sure is that there wasn’t any approval from the Egyptians.
3. Ethiopian Treasures
Among other offenses, the British Army looted Ethiopian churches of a selection of valuable cultural items and paintings, such as crowns, silver and gold crosses, and many manuscripts recording Ethiopia’s history in the age of Solomon and Sheba into the early 19th century. Various exemplified Ge’ez manuscripts were also stolen.
According to a historian, Richard Pankhurst, who campaigned tirelessly to the recurrence of old ethnic artifacts, over ten elephants were required to take the plunder around the Bashilo River into the neighboring Dalanta Plain.
Several other treasures were stolen out of Ethiopia. Back in 2005, Italy returned an ancient granite called obelisk nearly seven years after German troops had plundered it.
4. The Zimbabwe Bird
After Europeans “discovered” that the Great Zimbabwe Kingdom from the 16th century, they refused to think that Native Africans constructed this type of civilization. Even the Great Zimbabwe Monument was built between the 11th and 14th centuries from the native Shona People. Also, it functions as a nod to early African civilization that existed before colonisation.
Located from the monument were also a list of cultural artifacts, such as soapstone bird carvings called the Zimbabwe Bird. Apparently, these artworks have been pillaged and delivered to museums around Europe and America.
Coloniser, Cecil John Rhodes, took some of the stone-carved birds to South Africa, four of which were returned in 1981, a year after Zimbabwe gained independence. A part of one of the birds ended up in the hands of a German missionary, who sold it to the Ethnological Museum in Berlin in 1907. The museum finally handed back the piece to Zimbabwe in 2003.
The legendary Zimbabwe Bird is a symbol of the nation, appearing to the national flag and coat of arms.
5. Bangwa Queen, Cameroon
Once known as the planet’s priciest and costliest piece of African art, the Bangwa Queen has traded hands of several art collectors since she had been stolen out of her Imperial shrine at Cameroon.
Back in 1990, the art was offered for sale in a New York market for roughly $3.4 million, which makes it the world’s most densely populated African art at the time.
VIDEO CREDIT : 2nacheki
VIDEO CREDIT: CEENTV
Image Credit : Africa.com